Autumn, also known as fall is one of the four seasons. Autumn is the season when the duration of daylight becomes noticeably shorter and the temperature cools considerably. One of its main features is the striking change in colour for the leaves of deciduous trees as they prepare to shed.
Meteorologists use a definition based on Gregorian calendar months, with autumn being September, October, and November in the northern hemisphere, and March, April, and May in the southern hemisphere.
Popular culture in the United States associates Labor Day, the first Monday in September, as the end of summer and the start of autumn; In Ireland, the autumn months according to the national meteorological service, are September, October and November. However, according to the Irish Calendar, which is based on ancient Gaelic traditions, autumn lasts throughout the months of August, September and October.
Association with the transition from warm to cold weather, and its related status as the season of the harvest. Many cultures feature autumnal harvest festivals, often the most important on their calendars. Echoes of these celebrations are found in the autumn Thanksgiving holiday of the United States and Canada. There are also the many festivals celebrated by indigenous people in America.
In North America, while most foods are harvested during the autumn, foods usually associated with the season include pumpkins – which are integral parts of both Thanksgiving and Halloween and apples, which are used to make the seasonal beverage apple cider.
Autumn is also associated with Halloween. The Celtic people also used this time to celebrate the harvest with a time of feasting. At the same time though, it was a celebration of death as well. Crops were harvested, livestock were butchered, and Winter was coming. Halloween, 31 October, is in autumn in the northern hemisphere.
considerably – számottevően
feature – rendelkezik valamivel
striking – feltűnő
deciduous – lombhullató
shed – elhullajtja levelét
hemisphere – félgömb
harvest – aratás
indigenous – őslakos
feasting – böjtölés
livestock – haszonállatok
butchered – fel van vágva