Gerunds (ing forms)
If you want to make an ing form, you only need to add an ing to the end of the verb:
swim – swimming
sing – singing
move – moving
play – playing
The function as nouns because they are formed from verbs. In Hungarian, we would call them igei tárgyak.
We use ing forms:
- They can be the subject of the sentence: smoking is bad to our health
In this case, they function as nouns. However, they differ from nouns grammatically because they are formed from verbs by adding the ING ending.
- They follow prepositions:
He is known for being rude to women
Peter is anxious about taking his exam
My boss is too confident about remaining in his position
I am sorry about breaking your window
I need to note that ing form is not compulsory after prepositions. You can also use nouns here:
I am afraid of deep water
But as I mentioned above, ing forms function as nouns grammatically, that is why both forms are correct.
- They follow some verbs: consider, finish, like, hate, suggest
In this case, these gerundial forms function as the object of the sentence.
I will consider lending you money or not
Sarah finishes studying soon
I like going to parties
I suggest watching a comedy instead of a horror movie