SECOND CONDITIONALS

Képzés: if + Simple Past + would + ige 1

  • A jelen időre utal, ahol a feltétel beteljesülése nem valószínű (unreal present)
  • A tagmondatok felcserélhetők

If I won the lottery, I would buy a new house

  • A would helyett lehet használni a could-ot és a might-ot is:

If you told me about your problems, I COULD help you
If you invited her to the party, she MIGHT come

If I were…

  • Minden számban lehet használni a were-t. A was használata közhelyesebb:

If I were rich… – ha én gazdag lennék…

THIRD CONDITIONALS

Képzés: if + Past Perfect + would have + ige 3

  • Múlt időre utal, ahol a feltétel beteljesülése már nem lehetséges (unreal past)
  • A tagmondatok felcserélhetők

If I had woken up earlier, I would not have been late for work

  • A would helyett lehet használni a could-ot és a might-ot is:

If you had told me about your problems, I COULD have helped you
If you had invited her to the party, she MIGHT have come

If I had known that Jenny needed a lift, I would have given her one

WOULD RATHER – INKÁBB

  • Ha az alanyok megegyeznek:

Jelen idő: I would rather go home
Múlt idő: I would rather have gone home

  • Ha az alanyok különböznek:

Jelen idő: I would rather you went home
Múlt idő: I would rather you have gone home

VERBS OF SENSES – ÉRZÉKELÉSSEL KAPCSOLATOS IGÉK

seems, looks, appear, smell, taste, feel, sound

  • Verbs of senses + adjectives:

This soup smells good

  • Verbs of senses + like + noun:

Tim looks like his father

Verbs of senses + as if + clause:

She crying as if she is a baby

FIT AND SUIT

  • We use fit to express the size of the clothes
  • We use suit to express the style of the clothes

fit somebody
suit somebody
deal with something – foglalkozik valamivel
make up something – bepótol valamit

VOCABULARY

treat – kezel
trick somebody – átver valakit
vulnerable – sérülékeny
wig – paróka
wise – bölcs
wrinlkes – ráncok

CLAUSES OF RESULT – EREDMÉNYHATÁROZÓI MELLÉKMONDATOK

Kötőszavak: so / such…that, so many / so much…that

so + melléknév

The weather was so terrible that we stayed at home

such + (melléknév) + főnév

We had such a terrible journey that we couldn’t enjoy our holiday

so many / so much + főnév

There were so many people at the airport that our flight was delayed
We had so much milk in the fridge that we didn’t have to buy more

NEED

Jelentése: szükséges

need + főnév
need to do something

I need a glass of water
I need to go to the library

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